It is also known as BJJ. It was developed as one offshoot of judo as the leading newaza of Jigoro (ground work) learner Mitsuyo Maeda went to Brazil in 1914.
Mitsuyo Maeda taught the practical techniques to Carlos Gracie, even though it is the less athletic brother of him – Helio Gracie who is much credited for applying “the gentle art” in today’s direction.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu sheds light on getting one opponent to the ground for neutralizing possible strength advantages via ground fighting techniques as well as submission holds involving chokeholds and joint-locks. On the ground, you see, physical strength can probably be offset or improved through correct grappling methods.
BJJ applies a wide range of takedown methods to bring one opponent to the ground, say, “pulling guard” – it is not employed in other combat sports like Judo or Wrestling. When the rival is on the ground, many maneuvers (as well as counter-maneuvers) are available for manipulating the competitor into one suitable position for the application of one submission technique. Gaining one dominant position on the ground should be among the hallmarks of BJJ – it includes effective utilization of the guard position for defending oneself from the bottom (with both submissions and sweeps). The sweeps result in the possibility of a dominant position; else, they lead to one opportunity to pass the guard). Also, pass the guard for dominating from a top position using side control, back mount, and mount positions. This maneuvering and manipulation system can be likened to one form of physical or kinetic chess once executed by two veteran practitioners. One submission hold in BJJ tends to be assimilated to the checkmate’s equivalent, where the rival is left without other options yet to tap, get injured, or choked.
It became prominent as one practical martial art in the 1990s and 1980s.